Projected lung areas using dynamic X-ray (DXR)Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) provide the useful information about detection as well as characteristics or severity of lung disease. Forced vital capacity (FVC) have played an important role for the diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) for many years. Patients can be diagnosed as interstitial lung disease if percent vital capacity (%VC) is lower than 80 %. It also correlates with a poor outcome in patient with IPF [1,2]. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) is also an important predictor in PFTs, especially for screening of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Pulmonary Edema: A Pictorial Review of Imaging Manifestations and Current Understanding of Mechanisms of DiseasePulmonary edema is a common clinical entity caused by the extravascular movement of fluid into the pulmonary interstitium and alveoli. The four physiologic categories of edema include hydrostatic pressure edema, permeability edema with and without diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), and mixed edema where there is both an increase in hydrostatic pressure and membrane permeability. As radiographic manifestations and etiologies are varied, an appreciation for both the common and uncommon manifestations and causes of pulmonary edema is essential for accurate diagnosis.